lunes, 28 de abril de 2014

Homenaje a un señor muy de derechas

J.R.R. Tolkien, como seguramente todos ustedes saben, era muy, pero que muy conservador. Y de hecho toda su literatura es una epopeya de los valores tradicionales… tal como él los entendía, claro está. Lo que no podía ser era racista. ¿Cómo serlo si tiene su literatura poblada de mil razas diferentes? Pero por si su obra no fuera suficiente testimonio de su actitud, aquí está el testimonios admirable de una carta que escribió a una editorial alemana interesada en publicar The Hobbit… siempre y cuando... Tolkien pudiera justificar su ascendencia aria:

25 July 1938

20 Northmoor Road, Oxford  

Dear Sirs, 

Thank you for your letter. I regret that I am not clear as to what you intend by arisch. I am not of Aryan extraction: that is Indo-Iranian; as far as I am aware none of my ancestors spoke Hindustani, Persian, Gypsy, or any related dialects. But if I am to understand that you are enquiring whether I am of Jewish origin, I can only reply that I regret that I appear to have no ancestors of that gifted people. My great-great-grandfather came to England in the eighteenth century from Germany: the main part of my descent is therefore purely English, and I am an English subject — which should be sufficient. I have been accustomed, nonetheless, to regard my German name with pride, and continued to do so throughout the period of the late regrettable war, in which I served in the English army. I cannot, however, forbear to comment that if impertinent and irrelevant inquiries of this sort are to become the rule in matters of literature, then the time is not far distant when a German name will no longer be a source of pride. 

Your enquiry is doubtless made in order to comply with the laws of your own country, but that this should be held to apply to the subjects of another state would be improper, even if it had (as it has not) any bearing whatsoever on the merits of my work or its sustainability for publication, of which you appear to have satisfied yourselves without reference to my Abstammung. 

I trust you will find this reply satisfactory, and 
remain yours faithfully, 

J. R. R. Tolkien

Ramón Mercader, hogareño

El 18 de octubre de 1978 murió Ramón Mercader. En la foto junto a su mujer, Roquelia Mendoza, en su casa en La Habana.