There is a “Pascalian” flavor to Strauss’s solution that one can be either a philosopher or a theologian but not both. The distinction between philosophy and theology is ultimately a matter of faith. Reason cannot provide reason enough to follow reason. Philosophy presupposes a faith in reason that reason itself cannot provide. Such a solution is not necessarily unsettling to Jerusalem, but it must be deeply problematic for, if not “the complete and final defeat” of Athens.
Steven Smith, How Jewish Was Leo Strauss?